Eye Dryness – Symptoms – Causes | Treatment for Dry Eyes

Eye Dryness

Eye Dryness is a condition when a person does not have enough quality tears to nourish and lubricate the eye.

Eye Dryness
Eye Dryness

What’s in a tears? There is a mix of Oil for lubrication, Antibiotics, and protein that keep infection away, Mucus for even spreading of tears on the surface of the eye, and Water for moisture that comes from special glands around your eye.

Symptoms of Eye Dryness

Below are some of the symptoms of dry eye.

  • Redness, This is especially true when you are in the wind or near cigarette smoke.
  • Itching, you feel like your eyes are
  • Feels like there is something in or around your eyes.
  • A gritty feeling like something is in your eye.
  • Blurry vision, especially when you are reading
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eyelid sticking together when waking up

Having a lot of tears in your eyes with dry eyes is also a confusing condition. But your eyes make more tears when they are irritated by dry eyes. It’s also called reflex tearing. They can wash debris away but cannot coat your eye surface.

Causes of Eye Dryness

Lack of balance in your tear flow, heater, air conditioner, and things around you can cause eye Dryness.

Here are some other causes of eye Dryness:

  • Side effects of certain drugs like Antidepressant medicines, Heartburn, antihistamines, and sleeping pills.
  • Using and looking at a computer screen for a long time, reading, and other activities that reduce blinking.
  • The aging process especially menopause.
  • Being in a wind, smoke, or very dry climate.
  • Diseases like collagen vascular Disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and thyroid disease can Also cause Dryness to the eye.

Prevention of Dry Eyes

Taking preventive measures is always better than going for treatment. Pay attention to the things that are most likely to cause symptoms.

  • Take Eye Breaks: it’s advisable to take an eye break during a long task. Blink repeatedly and close your eyes for a few minutes it helps to spread tears around your eyes.
  • Use Protective Eyewears: get a safety shield that can be added to the sides and top of your eyeglasses to block dry air and wind.
  • Stop and Avoid Smoking: if you are a smoker ask your doctor for advice on how to quit smoking. But if you don’t smoke stay away from people that smoke because it affects the eye.
  • Eye drops: use eyedrop even when you feel like your eyes are ok, it helps to lubricate your eyes.
  • Your company screen should be placed below eye level: if u place your computer above your eye level you will have to open your eyes wide and it can cause slow evaporation of your tears between your eyelids.

How Is Dry Eye Diagnosed?

There are different ways to diagnose your eye, first off you will see an ophthalmologist who will check your eyelids, the surface of your eye, and also the way you blink. Your ophthalmologist will also do a test that will measure the quality of thickness of your tears and how quickly you produce tears.

Treatment for Dry Eyes

An ophthalmologist will do a physical examination and ask you about symptoms you are having, their medical history, any current medications, and their occupation and personal circumstances. Below are some treatments for dry eye

  • Liftegrast are drops taken twice daily to start tear production.
  • Eyes drop that contains the immune-suppressing medication.
  • Antibiotics to reduce eyelids inflammation

You can also use eyedrop for a short time and add fish oil to your diet it also helps to treat dry eyes.

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