Eating healthy foods has always been a good way to stay healthy. You should know the saying “You are what you eat”. Besides having a medication plan, you should have a healthy diet plan to help you recover faster. In this article, you will be educated more on cancer and the best nutrition for cancer patients. In addition to this, you will learn more about the diets you should avoid as a cancer patient, so keep on reading.
Best Nutrition for Cancer Patients
Cancer is a disease that occurs when there is an abnormal growth of a certain cell in the body. As the growth continues, the cell divides and clusters together to form layers. These layers are called growths and may cause damage to other parts of the body if they spread.
Medically, these growths are called tumors. Currently, there are two major types of tumors, they include;
- Benign Tumors
This tumor is also known as a Non-cancerous tumor. The Benign tumor does not spread to other parts of the body or nearby tissues. Therefore, they are not as life-threatening as Malignant cancer and may not require a medical procedure. Although, if this tumor presses against a vital tissue, medical treatment would be required.
- Malignant Tumors
This tumor is also known as a Cancerous tumor. Malignant tumors are life-threatening because they can spread into nearby tissues, organs, and other parts of the body causing damage. This tumor is the cause of cancer.
What are the Five Types of Cancer?
Although there are over a hundred types of cancer and some which are yet to be discovered, there are five major types of cancer. They include;
This type of cancer originates in the bone, muscle, fat, cartilage, blood vessel, and generally in the connective tissues of the body.
This type of cancer originates in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas, and glands.
This type of cancer originates in the melanin-producing cells.
This type of cancer originates in the white blood cells and leads to leukemia (cancer of the blood).
Having known this, it would be important for you to know some of the symptoms of cancer.
Symptoms of Cancer
Based on the severity and stage of the disease, the symptoms of cancer may vary, but here are the general symptoms of cancer
- Loss of Appetite or increased Appetite.
- Weight loss or gain.
- Abnormal bladder and bowel movements.
- Persistent coughs.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- Pains in the muscle and joints.
- Sores on the skin.
- Abnormal patches of color on the skin.
- Difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
- Persistent fever and night sweats.
- Bleeding and occurrence of bruises on the body.
- Lumps under the skin.
These are the general symptoms of cancer.
There are diets that are called natural remedies because they contain nutrients that help to combat certain ailments. These diets may help alongside medications in curing a disease. Cancer affects taste, smell, and appetite generally and this increases the risk of malnutrition in a cancer patient. This is where knowing the best nutrition for a cancer patient comes in.
Best Nutrition for Cancer Patients
This article would educate you on the nutrition you need as a cancer patient based on the symptoms you experience.
For abnormal bowel movements such as Constipation, you can eat foods that increase bowel movement. This food includes roughages (foods high in fiber) such as whole grains, fruits, nuts, beans, and vegetables. Also ensure you drink a lot of fluids, hot beverages, and fruit juices.
For Diarrhea, you should eat foods your system can tolerate such as plain potatoes and fluids with electrolytes such as coconut water and broth to replenish lost ions in the body. You can also eat grains such as oatmeal, rice cereal, and barley.
For Fatigue, eating foods high in calories such as Avocado, dried fruits, nuts and seeds, cheese, olive oil, butter, and glucose helps. Also, you should take rests regularly and stops overworking.
For weight loss, eating protein-containing foods such as beans, meat, eggs, fish, nut butters and dairy products helps your body heal and prevents further muscle mass loss.
For abnormal weight gain, eating foods low in calories such as non-starchy vegetables and high-fiber whole grain helps you keep your weight in check. You should also keep a track of what you eat and exercise regularly. Also, avoid beverages, baked and processed foods because they contain many calories which are not good for you.
For sores, eating fruits helps you heal faster, avoid baking soda also because it increases the pains from sores and delays them from healing.
Diets you Should Avoid as a Cancer Patient
Having gone through the information above, you may be wondering if there are some diets you should avoid as a cancer patient. As a cancer patient, avoid diets that are highly acidic or spicy such as diets containing tomatoes, pepper, vinegar, tomatoes, and citrus fruits. Also avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, and carbonated drinks. Avoid smoking and limit foods that are hard to swallow.
Having a diet plan with the best nutrition as a cancer patient is mandatory because this diet prevents delay in treatments, reduces the gravity of the symptoms, and also improves how well you respond to treatment.